Anti-Taliban forces in Afghanistan called on the international community not to recognize the new government that the movement announced on Tuesday.
Those forces described the new government, which is made up of Taliban leaders and leaders and those close to them who are men only, as “illegitimate.”
The United States expressed concern after the Taliban announced the new government made up of men only, and figures linked to attacks on American forces.
The European Union said the movement had reneged on its promises that the government would be “inclusive and representative of all sects”.
The interim government is headed by Mullah Muhammad Hassan Akhund, who is on the United Nations blacklist. Another figure is Sirajuddin Haqqani, who is wanted by the FBI.
The Panjshir Valley National Salvation Front said it considered the Taliban caretaker government announcement “a clear sign of the group’s hostility to the Afghan people”.
The Taliban insist they have defeated the National Resistance Front in the Banshir Valley, north of Kabul, but the front’s leaders say they are still fighting.
“We are concerned about the affiliations of (members of the government) and the records of some of them,” the US State Department said in a statement Tuesday.
The statement added that Washington “will continue to abide by the Taliban’s commitments” to allow the safe exit of foreigners, and Afghans with travel documents, “including allowing ready flights to exit Afghanistan.”
It is scheduled that US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken will hold a virtual summit with 20 countries representing the powers of the West in order to coordinate and set the necessary conditions for dealing with the Taliban as the government of Afghanistan.
The movement had taken control of Afghanistan in a comprehensive attack more than three weeks ago. But their government faces many difficult challenges in the strife-torn country, including stabilizing the economy and gaining international recognition.
Women’s demonstrations took place in the Afghan capital, Kabul, and the city of Badakhshan, on Wednesday, during which the protesters stressed that they did not accept a government that does not include women.
The movement’s leaders deny the use of violence in confronting the demonstrators, stressing that the demonstrators must obtain permission to go out in rallies, with the need to abide by the avoidance of profanity.
Pakistan also denies that it has any role in what is happening in Afghanistan.
A statement, attributed to the Taliban’s supreme leader, Maulvi Hebatullah Akhundzadeh, earlier on Tuesday called on the government to adhere to Islamic law.
He added that the Taliban want “strong and healthy” relations with other countries, and will respect international laws and treaties, as long as they do not conflict with “Islamic law and the country’s national values.”
The new interim prime minister, Hassan Akhund, served as deputy foreign minister from 1996 until 2001, when the Taliban was last in power. He is an influential figure on the religious side of the movement, not on the military side.
Acting Interior Minister Sirajuddin Haqqani is the leader of the armed group known as the Haqqani Network, which is affiliated with the Taliban and has orchestrated some of the deadliest attacks in the country’s two-decade war, including a 2017 truck bomb in Kabul that killed More than 150 people.
The United States has designated the Haqqani network as a foreign terrorist organization. It maintains close ties with Al Qaeda.
The FBI says Sirajuddin is wanted for questioning about the 2008 attack on a hotel that killed an American, and was also behind attacks on US forces in Afghanistan.
Other appointments in the new government include:
Mullah Yaqoub, acting defense minister. He is the son of the founder of the Taliban movement and the late Supreme Leader Mullah Omar
Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, the co-founder of the Taliban, will be one of the deputy prime ministers. He was the one who oversaw the signing of the US withdrawal agreement last year
Amir Khan Mottaki, interim foreign minister, who took part in the withdrawal talks
The Taliban now claims complete control of Afghanistan, saying it has defeated the resistance fighters who were resisting it in the Banshir Valley, north of Kabul.
The Afghan National Resistance Front said it “considers the caretaker government’s declaration of the Taliban as illegal, and a clear sign of the group’s hostility to the Afghan people”.