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Lack of sleep and its association with obesity, diabetes and heart disease

Sleep is an important part of a person’s daily routine, and healthy sleep is as essential as the need to eat and drink water. The importance of sleep lies in the fact that it constitutes a harmonious physiological state and a vital factor in maintaining physical and mental health, enhancing memory and strengthening the human immune system. On average, a person spends a third of his life sleeping, and although it is difficult to accurately assess the quality and quality of sleep, and with many questionnaires and scientific measures, the most agreed measure is the duration of sleep interrupted as an alternative to assessing sleep quality, and adult individuals usually need from 7 to 9 hours of sleep per night, but 35% of adult men sleep less than 7 hours at night.

Sleep disturbances – specifically – lack of hours of sleep has been associated with a number of adverse health effects, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and even mortality, and many researches have been published in this area, and recently recent studies have also linked Sleep and urinary tract disorders, particularly erectile dysfunction and low levels of the male hormone (testosterone), and an increased incidence of nocturia in adults have also been associated with sleep disturbances.

Sleep and erectile dysfunction:

The relationship between ED and sleep disorders is consistent, and several studies have indicated an increase in ED cases in men with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and consequently, their short duration and quality of sleep, and this percentage ranges from 47% to 80%. Insomnia also plays a serious role in the occurrence of erectile dysfunction in older men because it is linked to a lack of the male hormone, which will be explained later. In a recent study, men who worked irregular shifts and had poor sleep quality had higher rates of ED than men who slept better.

In another survey, including 377 men with an average age of 46, participants completed questionnaires on sleep and erection quality, which considered any other comorbidities, smoking status, daily work and night shift schedule, amount of caffeine and other drug consumption, age and mass index. the body. The researchers found that poor sleep quality was independently and consistently associated with worsening erectile function, and that erectile function in this same group improved after patients were given instructions that improved sleep quality.

Sleep and low testosterone levels:

Several human studies have indicated a relationship between lower sleep quality and lower testosterone levels. A decrease in this hormone has been associated with a number of adverse health effects, including decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, depression and mood swings, and low concentration is associated with poor concentration and memory.

In a recent study published this year, the levels of testosterone in the blood of 9,756 men aged 16-80 years were analyzed and researchers found an association between low levels of this hormone in the blood and poor sleep quality, and they also found a decrease in the level of male hormone by about 5.85 Units of measurement for every hour of sleep lost.

Sleeping and nocturnal urination:

Nocturia is a widespread condition that increases with age. Nocturia is also associated with reduced quality of life, decreased productivity, and a number of other comorbidities including falls, fractures, diabetes, obesity, heart disease, depression and an increased risk of death. Several studies have indicated that nocturnal urination is an independent indicator of sleep disorders, and the relationship between the two cases is linked from both sides. Doing nocturnal urination affects the duration of sleep, and the sleep disturbances themselves make the patient feel the need to urinate and frequent the night on the toilet a lot. Researchers have found that sleep apnea in particular plays a large role in some cases of nocturnal urination disorders.

On the other hand, successful treatment of the problem of nocturia leads to an improvement in the quality of sleep.

One of the simplest tips that can be given to a patient suffering from sleep disorders is to perform a number of practices that can improve its quality, such as regular physical exercise, avoiding the use of stimulants such as caffeine or nicotine before bedtime, following a regular bedtime, exposure to natural light during the day, and taking care of a place Good and restful sleep.

In conclusion, care should be taken to ask about sleep quality in patients with urinary tract disorders, and this should be an essential part of assessing the case to reach satisfactory and tangible results for the patient, as healthy sleep can have a significant positive impact on public health. And men’s health in particular.