In recent decades, we have always talked about US-Middle Eastern relations, and in previous stages we also dealt with Soviet-Middle Eastern relations, albeit to different degrees and within less broad limits. This was logical in the past and is still to some extent, but it is also necessary to consider the Chinese-Middle East relations in the present and the future in light of the great rise of Chinese economic capabilities, and the logically accompanying interests and political practices in various parts of the world, including the Middle East.
China’s approach to international relations and its foreign interests differs from the methodology of Russia or America, which are supposed to have acquired rights and a privileged position among the countries of the world, after competing with the socialist and western capitalist poles, with their efforts to impose their experience on medium and small countries, which contributed to the emergence of the philosophy of positive neutrality. and the Non-Aligned Movement.
China began its external presentation with enthusiasm and humility after its accession to the United Nations and international institutions, so it approached the developing countries, and avoided any international practices or statements that might be interpreted as an attempt to impose its experience on others, and with its growing integration into international markets with its equations related to supply and demand, the huge incentives and the multiplicity of incentives. The risks, China’s self-restrictions no longer meet its economic ambitions, especially in terms of its needs in the field of energy, precious metals, technological development and market openness, which forced it to change some of its practices and adopt more ambitious policies, and as a compromise between great humility and sweeping ambition, she announced that Its methodology is to search for common ground for cooperation, while respecting the differences and differing positions of peoples and nations, supporting multilateral frameworks, and increasing its interest in the different regional regions that in the past avoided initiating ideas on them.
The Chinese goals were defined as building regional collective security systems on the basis of equality, justice, pluralism, comprehensive collective rule, and controlling and reducing differences, which is what it proposed and expressed its willingness to participate in for the first time in the Middle East recently, in messages addressed to various The countries of the region unconditionally through a future proposition and a long-term strategy, with a conscious reading of the opportunities available to them now, in light of the isolationist trend in the United States, and a desire to control and limit the immersion in the Middle East, and the shrinkage of Russian influence, which suffers from weak resources, including He is not allowed to completely fill the American vacuum.
A number of Chinese researchers wrote recently about Beijing’s new role in the Middle East, that it will aim to fill the voids left by Washington politically or economically, without bearing the security burden that America has borne in the region for a long time, with the aim of controlling the pace of the region while avoiding shocks. That is, China benefits economically and politically as the United States continues to provide security cover for a number of countries in the region, in light of a severe reduction in its military operations.
I believe that this scenario may be available temporarily, but it will not last long, because the competitions, benefits and risks are open to all, and the United States will not accept it for long, especially considering China as the main foreign competitor in the future. I do not think that this equation will remain acceptable in the long run, even for China, with its growing interests in the markets and arenas in the Middle East, because there is a natural overlap and correlation between economic and political interests. On “Huawei”, and the introduction of Chinese technology for the fifth generation to Western European markets, and that competition also extended to the Middle East in general and to Egypt in particular, which seeks to digitize its economy, markets and government services, and America moved strongly to confront Chinese competition in this field.
This was preceded by years of Israeli-American tensions over its first ally’s cooperation with China and its exports, and extended to multiple reservations not only about military cooperation, but also about China’s entry into the field of infrastructure and ports in Israel, and there are sharply growing Chinese economic relations with Iran and the Arab Gulf states. Its basis is economic, but it is not devoid of political aspects, and the focus of attention and follow-up from the Western and American world in particular.
It is time for us to talk and enter into our Arab calculations China’s political entry into the region, to determine how we can benefit from that, not to replace a Western or Eastern friend with a Chinese counterpart, but rather to ensure the multiplicity of options and alternatives available to us in building the future, especially as we are expected to face a number of challenges, Where will the Arabs stand in choosing between the giant Chinese project called “The Road and the Belt”, and the alternatives that are being instructed by the US from the major Western economic countries to limit the Chinese expansion, and with the growth of Arab-Chinese economic cooperation in investment and trade, which will force us in some sensitive areas to choose between Integration into the Chinese Western or Asian economies, especially if the international strategic and political competition intensified, and economic sanctions were imposed on China as they were imposed on Russia. This possibility is not excluded, if the tensions of Western-Chinese relations over Taiwan or Hong Kong intensify, or Beijing seeks to reduce the global economy’s dependence on the US dollar, in addition to the fact that Asia and China’s need for Gulf energy sources, especially from Iran, may put it in an uncomfortable political position. for western parties.
We must evaluate the situation well and enter into constructive and beneficial relations with China, one of the great countries in the future, while adjusting the balance of our relations to take advantage of the available opportunities, and avoid finding ourselves in front of a single choice, between the power of the West and Asia, especially since competition and tension between them are present, and to avoid becoming our future. Part of the strategic axes of the major countries once again.