Attention was focused on the US Supreme Court, which held, Wednesday, hearings regarding the famous “Roe v. Wade” law, which allowed the “right to choose” for American women to have an abortion.
And the judges of the Supreme Court expressed their desire in favor of installing another law passed by the state of “Mississippi”, which prohibits abortion after 15 weeks of pregnancy.
The nearly two-hour hearing Wednesday began with an argument by Mississippi Attorney General Scott Stewart, who said abortion laws “stalk our country” and “poisoned the law,” while most of the six conservative justices agreed with his argument.
Judge Brett Kavanaugh said, “The Constitution does not reflect either the right to life or the right to choose in relation to abortion.”
He added that the Supreme Court should not “choose one side over the other on the most contentious social issue in American life.”
As for Judge, Amy Connie Barrett, she called on pregnant women who do not want to raise their children to offer them up for adoption, noting that not having an abortion in this case, will not affect their personal and professional paths, according to the Los Angeles Times.
For her part, United States Attorney General Elizabeth Prilugar, representing the administration of US President Joe Biden, stressed before the Supreme Court the importance of staying away from violating the “Roe v. Wade” law, which guaranteed the right to abortion for 50 years.
“About half of the United States has, or at least expected, to apply the determinants of abortion at all stages of pregnancy, without examining rape or incest,” Prelugar said in comments reported by CNN.
She emphasized that “women, who cannot travel hundreds of miles in order to access legal methods of abortion, will be forced to continue their pregnancies and deliveries that will seriously affect their bodies, their health and of course their lives.”
“If this court rejects the liberty interests secured by Roe (v. Wade) and is reaffirmed in[Parentings v. Casey]it would be a flagrant departure from the principles of case law,” she added.
The Supreme Court, with its conservative majority bolstered by the administration of former US President Donald Trump, is considering oral arguments over a law passed by Mississippi in 2018 that bans abortion after the 15th week of pregnancy.
Outside the court gates, hundreds of protesters stood between supporters of abolition and opponents of its ban.
Statements that cast ambiguity over the fate of abortion
Although the debates are intended to focus on Mississippi law, Chief Justice John Roberts was the only one to focus on it, according to the Los Angeles Times.
The newspaper suggested that Kavanaugh and Barrett would join Roberts in voting to pass the Mississippi law, but said they “also seemed willing to move forward with abolishing the right to abortion completely.”
On the other hand, three liberal justices warned that the Supreme Court would make a “big mistake if previous rulings were overturned,” according to the newspaper.
But Kavanaugh insisted that some of the Supreme Court’s most notable decisions were overturning case law, citing the example of Brown v. Board of Education of 1954, which overturned the case law that supported segregation decisions.
If the court had heard the arguments that precedent should be followed in those cases, Kavanaugh said, “the country would be a much different place today.”
Judge Sonia Sotomayor responded to Kavanaugh’s questions, who cited several court decisions that overturned its predecessors, by saying that most of those cases were “our recognition and overturning the state’s control over cases that we said concerned individuals.”
While CNN suggested that Roberts and Kavanaugh would search for a “compromise”.
She stated that Roberts suggested that the court could look at Mississippi law “as a new standard of validity, rather than the Roe and Casey laws, which include more than 20 weeks of pregnancy.”
At the same time, Kavanaugh called on the state of Mississippi to stress that it is not asking the court to ban abortion completely, that is, it affirms that it does not repeal the Roe Act but rather limits access to it completely.
The network said that “Kavanaugh has asked questions, indicating that he is inclined to rule in favor of Mississippi and even go beyond ‘Roe’.”
The law passed by Mississippi was blocked by two federal courts, allowing it to reach the United States Supreme Court.
The law allows abortion after 15 weeks “only in cases of medical emergency or severe fetal malformation” and makes no exceptions for rape or incest. If doctors perform abortions outside the law, their medical licenses will be suspended or revoked and they may face additional penalties and fines.
The court’s approval to consider the law came after it also rejected the Texas abortion law ban, which prohibits abortion after about six weeks of pregnancy, without also making any exceptions for rape and incest.
Conservative states across the country intensified their efforts to pass legislation restricting abortion rights guaranteed by the Supreme Court in 1973 with the encouragement of the court’s conservative majority, after Trump added three conservative justices.
The Mississippi case is the only one so far that the court has allowed arguments to be heard, among the many cases that have sparked controversy recently.
The historic ‘abortion case’ returns to the Supreme Court
Nearly half a century after the US Supreme Court upheld the right to abortion in the historic Roe v. Wade Act in 1973, the case is back in the corridors of the nation’s highest court.
A divisive issue
Abortion remains one of the most divisive issues in the United States, with opponents based on religious beliefs in their defense of the “right to life”, while “right to choose” activists say the option of abortion is guaranteed by a constitutional guarantee that gives women complete control over their bodies and their future.
Women’s rights activists who support the “right to choose” do not take a harsh stance towards the fetus, as most of them believe that choosing an abortion is usually the least bad option among many bad options if the woman keeps her fetus.
The proponents of this theory call for the need to view the woman as a person and not just as a container for the fetus, and therefore she should be given the freedom to control whether it is preserved or aborted.
In contrast, advocates of the “right to life” insist that the right to life must always take precedence over the individual’s right to equality or control over one’s own body.
They say that abortion absolves society of its responsibilities towards the pregnant woman, as it must provide the material and health conditions for the care of the fetus.
Abortion has been legal in the United States since the Supreme Court decision in 1973, known as “Roe v. Wade”, but it has always remained the subject of great legal, political and popular division among Americans, with very strong opposition among Republican supporters compared to the circles of his Democratic rival.
“The right to choose” and “the right to life” .. Details of the most divisive issue in America The controversy has resumed in the United States over the legality of elective termination of pregnancy or abortion after the US Supreme Court rejected Wednesday a request to stop the Texas abortion law, which prohibits it after six weeks of pregnancy.